Laravel .htaccess to detect mobile device and redirect to mobile site

Laravel .htaccess to detect mobile device and redirect to mobile site

What is .htaccess file ?

.htaccess which stands for hypertext access file is known as directory level configuration file.

.htaccess is mainly used to configure site access issues such as Access Security Control and URL Redirecting.

Uses of .htaccess file
  • For URL Rewriting
  • Authenticate user by their ip address, you can set restriction from htaccess to user by his ip address.
  • Control Directory Listing
  • Manage error response
  • Allow server to manage caching by proxies and web browsers to reduce usage of bandwidth.
  • Main advantage with .htaccess is changes made in any file take immediate effect because .htaccess file are read on each request.
Laravel .htaccess Remove public from URL

When you want to remove public from url then create a .htaccess file in the Laravel root directory.

Add this code in your .htaccess file.

  1. <IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
  2. RewriteEngine On
  3. RewriteRule ^(.*)$ public/$1 [L]
  4. </IfModule>
Manage Error response

If you are getting 404 not found then you can fix this error using .htaccess file.

  1. RewriteEngine on
  2. RewriteBase /
  3. RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
  4. RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
  5. RewriteRule . /index.php [L]
Redirect URL to Another URL Using .htaccess

You can redirect your website from xyz.com to www.xyz.com by using following line of code :

  1. RewriteEngine On
  2. RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^www\.
  3. RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://www.%{HTTP_HOST}/$1 [R=301,L]
How to Redirect URL to Mobile site Using .htaccess Option1: using .htaccess
  1. RewriteEngine On
  2. RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} !^desktop
  3. RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} "android|blackberry|googlebot-mobile|iemobile|iphone|ipod|#opera mobile|palmos|webos" [NC]
  4. RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} "acs|alav|alca|amoi|audi|aste|avan|benq|bird|blac|blaz|brew|cell|cldc|cmd-" [NC,OR]
  5. RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} "dang|doco|eric|hipt|inno|ipaq|java|jigs|kddi|keji|leno|lg-c|lg-d|lg-g|lge-" [NC,OR]
  6. RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} "maui|maxo|midp|mits|mmef|mobi|mot-|moto|mwbp|nec-|newt|noki|opwv" [NC,OR]
  7. RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} "palm|pana|pant|pdxg|phil|play|pluc|port|prox|qtek|qwap|sage|sams|sany" [NC,OR]
  8. RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} "sch-|sec-|send|seri|sgh-|shar|sie-|siem|smal|smar|sony|sph-|symb|t-mo" [NC,OR]
  9. RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} "teli|tim-|tosh|tsm-|upg1|upsi|vk-v|voda|w3cs|wap-|wapa|wapi" [NC,OR]
  10. RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} "wapp|wapr|webc|winw|winw|xda|xda-" [NC,OR]
  11. RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} "up.browser|up.link|windowssce|iemobile|mini|mmp" [NC,OR]
  12. RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} "symbian|midp|wap|phone|pocket|mobile|pda|psp" [NC]
  13. RewriteRule ^$ http://m.your_domain.com [L,R=302]
Option2: Using Laravel Routes

I always use this code when i need to redirect mobile device on same url.

Create a function to check if request coming from mobile device then call mobile routes otherwise call website routes.

  1. function isMobile() {
  2. if(isset($_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT'])) {
  3. $useragent=$_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT'];
  4. if(preg_match('/(tablet|ipad|amazon|playbook)|(android(?!.*(mobi|opera mini)))/i', strtolower($useragent))) {
  5. return true ;
  6. } ;
  7. if(preg_match('/(android|bb\d+|meego).+mobile|avantgo|bada\/|blackberry|blazer|compal|elaine|fennec|hiptop|iemobile|ip(hone|od)|iris|kindle|lge |maemo|midp|mmp|mobile.+firefox|netfront|opera m(ob|in)i|palm( os)?|phone|p(ixi|re)\/|plucker|pocket|psp|series(4|6)0|symbian|treo|up\.(browser|link)|vodafone|wap|windows ce|xda|xiino/i',$useragent)||preg_match('/1207|6310|6590|3gso|4thp|50[1-6]i|770s|802s|a wa|abac|ac(er|oo|s\-)|ai(ko|rn)|al(av|ca|co)|amoi|an(ex|ny|yw)|aptu|ar(ch|go)|as(te|us)|attw|au(di|\-m|r |s )|avan|be(ck|ll|nq)|bi(lb|rd)|bl(ac|az)|br(e|v)w|bumb|bw\-(n|u)|c55\/|capi|ccwa|cdm\-|cell|chtm|cldc|cmd\-|co(mp|nd)|craw|da(it|ll|ng)|dbte|dc\-s|devi|dica|dmob|do(c|p)o|ds(12|\-d)|el(49|ai)|em(l2|ul)|er(ic|k0)|esl8|ez([4-7]0|os|wa|ze)|fetc|fly(\-|_)|g1 u|g560|gene|gf\-5|g\-mo|go(\.w|od)|gr(ad|un)|haie|hcit|hd\-(m|p|t)|hei\-|hi(pt|ta)|hp( i|ip)|hs\-c|ht(c(\-| |_|a|g|p|s|t)|tp)|hu(aw|tc)|i\-(20|go|ma)|i230|iac( |\-|\/)|ibro|idea|ig01|ikom|im1k|inno|ipaq|iris|ja(t|v)a|jbro|jemu|jigs|kddi|keji|kgt( |\/)|klon|kpt |kwc\-|kyo(c|k)|le(no|xi)|lg( g|\/(k|l|u)|50|54|\-[a-w])|libw|lynx|m1\-w|m3ga|m50\/|ma(te|ui|xo)|mc(01|21|ca)|m\-cr|me(rc|ri)|mi(o8|oa|ts)|mmef|mo(01|02|bi|de|do|t(\-| |o|v)|zz)|mt(50|p1|v )|mwbp|mywa|n10[0-2]|n20[2-3]|n30(0|2)|n50(0|2|5)|n7(0(0|1)|10)|ne((c|m)\-|on|tf|wf|wg|wt)|nok(6|i)|nzph|o2im|op(ti|wv)|oran|owg1|p800|pan(a|d|t)|pdxg|pg(13|\-([1-8]|c))|phil|pire|pl(ay|uc)|pn\-2|po(ck|rt|se)|prox|psio|pt\-g|qa\-a|qc(07|12|21|32|60|\-[2-7]|i\-)|qtek|r380|r600|raks|rim9|ro(ve|zo)|s55\/|sa(ge|ma|mm|ms|ny|va)|sc(01|h\-|oo|p\-)|sdk\/|se(c(\-|0|1)|47|mc|nd|ri)|sgh\-|shar|sie(\-|m)|sk\-0|sl(45|id)|sm(al|ar|b3|it|t5)|so(ft|ny)|sp(01|h\-|v\-|v )|sy(01|mb)|t2(18|50)|t6(00|10|18)|ta(gt|lk)|tcl\-|tdg\-|tel(i|m)|tim\-|t\-mo|to(pl|sh)|ts(70|m\-|m3|m5)|tx\-9|up(\.b|g1|si)|utst|v400|v750|veri|vi(rg|te)|vk(40|5[0-3]|\-v)|vm40|voda|vulc|vx(52|53|60|61|70|80|81|83|85|98)|w3c(\-| )|webc|whit|wi(g |nc|nw)|wmlb|wonu|x700|yas\-|your|zeto|zte\-/i',substr($useragent,0,4))){
  8. return true ;
  9. }
  10. }
  11. return 0 ;
  12. }
  13. if(isMobile()) {
  14. include_once(app_path().'/routes/mobile_routes.php');
  15. } else {
  16. require_once(app_path().'/routes/website_routes.php');
  17. }

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